Dog Idioms And Their Meanings

Cliché A cliché is a common phrase or an expression which has been used so many times since it first originated that with the changing times and its overuse, it has lost its true meaning. Meaning: Technically speaking, bats are not blind but do have relatively poor eyesight. A: ace (verb) all right (3) and then some antsy as easy as pie at the eleventh hour. Ironically even the term idiom isn’t an English word but derives from the Greek for “one of a kind. when stating that even a dog will not eat a dog. These odd little phrases are used to express a sentiment other than their literal meaning. Procedure Warmer – Idioms (5–10 minutes) The warmer is intended to make sure that students understand exactly what an idiom is, and get them thinking about idioms in their own language. corresponds to something like one of these german idioms: Es gießt in Strömen. Idioms may sound silly but they are a very important part of a language as they showcase a country’s history and traditions. Idioms and their Meaning By learning English idiomatic expressions, this list of commonly used idioms and sayings (in everyday conversational English) can help you speak English. Idioms are used as a short way of expressing a more complicated idea and so far Reema has taught 80 awesome Idioms. Let The Cat Out Of The Bag. Idioms are especially popular among English native speakers as mental images. Each entry includes the meaning of the idiom and shows the idiom in context in an example sentence. We tried to keep the dog at bay when we entered the building. Food Idioms and Sayings! List of useful food idioms with meaning and examples. You are not very good at that. dog phrase. You may want to share the history of each idiom with your students. Canadian Idioms And Their Meanings Oct 27th, 2005. Dogs inside restaurants. Â Idioms are numerous and they occur frequently in all languages. Cliché vs Idiom. On the other hand, if someone were to refer to a mess or a debacle as a “dog’s dinner,” they are likely British. Learn the idiom dog and pony show meaning and other dog sayings in English. Here is the list of the most common idioms relating to Dog in English: Gone to the dogs = Something has lost its good qualities and gone bad. An idiom is an expression that conveys something different from its literal meaning, and that cannot be guessed from the meanings of its individual words. They do not illustrate what an idiom means, but show the literal meaning. Animal Idioms and their Use in Foreign Language Lessons - Mandy Busse - Term Paper - Didactics - English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay. This handout will: • Define clichés and idioms. (the) birds and the bees sex education I learned about the birds and the bees when my baby brother was born. Meaning: _____ Idioms. Going to see a man about a dog: This phrase isn't meant to be taken literally but rather used as an excuse for leaving the room or otherwise getting out of someone's company. meanings of the elements that make up the idiom. dogging one's trail; Classification: idiom. This English Language quiz is called 'Idioms 1' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. PDF | On Jan 1, 2004, Katja Mäntylä and others published Idioms and language users : the effect of the characteristics of idioms on their recognition and interpretation by native and non-native. And, even if you're just starting out, learning a few of these turns of phrase can help you break the ice with mother-tongue speakers and provide you an insight into how their. Find out the meanings of popular idioms. The literary meaning of the idiom may often sound absurd and silly. Then scroll down to “let the cat out of the bag” by checking your answers. Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing. But what do those doggy figures of speech actually mean? Here's the lowdown on dog days, three-dog nights, hunting dog idioms, and a fine. In English, we like to use a lot of idioms that make the language tricky for non-English speakers. Dog Idioms and. When the dogs trap, catch, or even kill an animal, they bark to alert their masters. UNLOCKING THEIR MEANING. Other resources to use with this It's Raining Cats and Dogs Idioms Activity. The following sayings, proverbs, and idiomatic expressions (Redewendungen) are our favorites. , there are many idioms inside it, try to guess their meanings from the context. raining cats and dogs make a mountain out of a molehill have something up the sleeve pull the wool over someone's eyes walls have ears lose one's marbles Assessment. Meaning: Someone who has the respect of their peers in a young,. The English language is full of idioms — a combination of words with a figurative meaning that's different from its literal meaning — and that includes such expressions that use "dog" or. 0!©!2012!TextProject,!Inc. For example, the meaning of the English idiom it's raining cats and dogs does not arise from the words rain, cats and dogs forming the idiom. BODY Idioms and Expressions! List of useful body parts idioms in English with meaning and example sentences. It’s time for another idiom quiz! All these idioms relate to the most popular American pets, dogs and cats. Another important feature to point out is that idioms are fixed, which means that people cannot just decide to make up their own. It's the place they sleep if they live outside in someone's yard—it's their usual place to say and not related to punishment. However, many of them seem to have analogous Muggle idioms, from which they may have been derived. This means that their actual meaning is different from their literal meaning. An idiom is a meaning created by how a word or phrase is used that is different from its literal meaning. To reveal a secret. Download free animal idiom worksheets and PDFs for English language learners. Be careful. Dog Idioms Examples. This dictionary of Russian idioms includes more than 500 Russian idiomatic expressions sorted alphabetically. Those two fight like cat and dog (continually arguing with each other), so please don’t put them together on the project. Actually, in Chinese language, many sayings and idioms about dogs are negative. 25 Amazing Animal Idioms in English. From this also it was that the nations outside the church who were in falsities from evil, were called dogs by the Jews, and were accounted most vile. Speak like a native with these 27 Hilarious Everyday German Idioms and expressions. Give me a hand please. Dog Idioms in English! The following lesson provides a list of idioms about dogs with their meanings from the A to Z of animal idioms with ESL printable infographic. This was the title of a 1990's movie. Languages have from dozens to hundreds of idioms. Here is a list of some of the funniest English idioms you may not know, most of which are drawn from British English. In this article, he introduces a number of useful turns of phrase to help colour the learner's speech. An idiom is a common expression that has acquired a meaning that cannot easily be understood from the ordinary meanings of the words, as in “It’s. Man and dog have been together for centuries, with dogs being used for hunting and farm work, before being taken into our homes as beloved pets. The English language has thousands of idioms, most of which are informal. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e. They learn Spanish idioms like that. I Icing On The Cake: When you already have it good and get something on top of what you already have. Igbo Proverbs, Idioms And Parables Guest Author: Onyeagba Joseph Chinonye. Don't call us, we'll call you. If you've got any comments or suggestions, though, we'd very much like to hear them. You can’t teach an old dog new tricks. Check out how we talk about the temperature in English. Be a chicken • Meaning: Be a coward. A selection of them is below. There are more than 20,000 idioms in the English language. Dog's dinner. Speak like a native with these 27 Hilarious Everyday German Idioms and expressions. We looked at idioms used in his plays and discussed the meanings of them. By Tim Lambert. They knew mum’s the word, but kept nothing under their hats. Then, students will continue their practice with the provided worksheet. , AND NANDINI P. I have one verb and some idioms that I don’t know the meanings of. 56 Delightful Victorian Slang Terms You Should Be Using. hit the sack/hit the hay (If someone is going to hit the sack or hit the hay, they are going to bed. "Here is a list of expressions that refer to one's legs or feet or their parts, and the meaning of each idiom. unfortunately, i am not as devoted and have not really learned the players and their stats, but i did witness the famous Sammy Sosa hit a home-run about eight Spanish idioms ago. The figurative meaning is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words. It wasn't easy but we've tried to include uniquely Australian slang here and to exclude British and American slang even though these are commonly used in Australia. Here we take a look at some of the more popular idioms, what they mean and where they’re from. This can be tricky for language learners to get their head around, especially when you hear one for the first time. Dog Idioms and. Those two fight like cat and dog (continually arguing with each other), so please don’t put them together on the project. And it seems to be characteristic of many idioms that we cannot ‘figure out’ their meanings at all. Through this idioms dictionary, you will learn idioms and phrases English. This means that their actual meaning is different from their literal meaning. An idiom is a common expression that has acquired a meaning that cannot easily be understood from the ordinary meanings of the words, as in “It’s. It's raining cats and dogs. In ancient times, "the dog" was the worst throw in dice (attested in Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit, where the word for "the lucky player" was literally "the dog-killer"), which plausibly explains the Greek word for "danger," kindynas, which appears to be "play the dog. Let’s take a look at some of the important Idioms & Phrases asked in the English section. This activity will help your students learn about idioms and how to use them in their own writing. Through this idioms dictionary, you will learn idioms and phrases English. Select idioms in the list are accompanied by examples of usage. The literal meaning is "to add a dog's tail to the sable coat" or "to use a dog's tail as a substitute for sable fur". Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs. Now, I am totally dog tired after the 3 days of journey. This can be tricky for language learners to get their head around, especially when you hear one for the first time. hit the sack/hit the hay (If someone is going to hit the sack or hit the hay, they are going to bed. Difference Between Idiom and Proverb Definition. What does everyone and their dog expression mean? Definitions by the. Here are two exercises for upper-intermediate and advanced levels to practice using animal expressions in English. Actually, in Chinese language, many sayings and idioms about dogs are negative. Dog Sayings. Some random people came to the party with lots of alcohol and then the party went to the dogs. Raining cats and dogs is a common phrase that refers to heavy rainfall. Ah, idioms. 狗 (gǒu) means “dog”, 急 (jí) is “urgent, quickly” or “pressing”, 跳 (tiào) means “to jump” and 墙 (qiáng) is “wall”. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e. It's Raining Cats and Dogs. Done a runner. So, read and download today our arrange. List of top 10 most common English idioms and phrases, with their meaning and examples for students and. Jude was on pins and needles waiting for the results of the test. However, some of these can be easily interpreted without the need for a figurative meaning. Example: a) I tried to make my mother learn how to use a smart phone but it was just like you can't teach an old dog new trick. • Provide methods to identify clichés and idioms through activities. However, sometimes it is impossible to say for certain how an old saying originated. It's raining cats and dogs! raise a stink: complain a lot, cause an argument or a bad scene. Here 20 Idioms With Pictures And Examples. Though the popularity of the idioms may vary from region to region, still …. 2) Cash cow. " You might even enjoy taking a break from the heat during the "dog days of summer. Meaning: Raining extremely hard Origin: Dead dogs and cats on filthy London streets; The most likely origin behind this phrase dates back to 17th and 18th century England, when heavy rains would create mini-rivers down the filthy streets, carrying along with any debris that had been piling up along the roadsides and gutters. Meaning: getting information directly from the most reliable source. Don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater Meaning: don’t throw out valuable things along with unnecessary things. So—ready to beard the lion in his den? Here are a few interesting linguistic facts about the word lion. The students write the idiom's meaning under their picture. Language changes and evolves year after year and for the non-native speaker it can be hard to keep up with but there are some examples of natural, or idiomatic, English that have endured. For example, when we say something is old school, it doesnt mean that it is literally from a school that is old. I really hope so, it is such a beautiful descriptive language. Meaning: Technically speaking, bats are not blind but do have relatively poor eyesight. Here is a list of a few popular Barbadian sayings and their meanings: 1. We have all heard phrases like ‘Cut to the chase’ and ‘It’s raining cats and dogs’ but did you know that these and other popular sayings have their own interesting and distinctive origins? Some idioms are fairly self-explanatory while others are completely absurd and will likely leave you scratching your head!. That’s to say, the structural of idioms can’t be changed. Example: You can't teach an old dog new tricks and I do not think that my father will ever change his eating habits. " A reference web site is given for additional activities. In this article we will talk about top 20 idioms and their meanings. He provides examples of idioms, shortened expressions, everyday expressions and sayings, double meanings, metaphors, and instructions and statements, from "getting the sack" to "it's not my cup of tea," with drawings based on those he made when he was in junior high school showing how someone on the autism spectrum might see them, and. Here are 10 animal idioms and their meanings English is full of idioms - phrases that mean something other than what you would think the words mean on their own. Literal meaning: The true origin of this phrase is unknown, however, the most probable explanation is that it originates from England in the 1700s when storm drains would often carry dead dogs and cats away when heavy rain fell. It's raining cats and dogs! Students explore figurative language through read-alouds, teacher modeling, and student-centered activities, further developing their understanding of the literal versus the metaphorical translations of idioms. Humans and animals have a long history. the largest portion of something. This phrase is used to define cut-throat behavior to get what one wants. " This means that it's raining hard, but there's no way to figure that out by learning what the words "rain," "cat," and "dog" mean. Kids can enjoy using fun and creative idioms to express their thoughts in an entertaining way. Language experts are discovering that idioms aren't just a form of grammatical trivia. I’d like to put in my two cents and say that a human’s best friend would be their confidence. What is the meaning of this idiom? _____ _____ 7. People use idioms to make their speech more. Some of them do not sound very nice, for example fight like cat and dog, we don't fight, I simply. Below is a chart for dog idioms. 100 Idioms & Phrases with Meaning and Example. Everyone has grown up with dog phrases such as “Raining Cats and Dogs” or “The Dog Days of Summer”. Note about the origins of this saying: Before there was electric/gas heating people sometimes brought their dog into the bed for extra warmth. Here are a few examples of idioms about relationships that are used every day. So if you are searching for 10 idioms and their meanings with sentences, 20 idioms with their meanings and sentences you are at the right place. Let's get up to speed with 15 British sayings and idioms to know, including their meanings and origin, and you won't be confused again. : rain) and so does the meaning. Don't go. ppt), PDF File (. Proverbs are the wisdom of a people in a nutshell. Here are a few idioms and their meanings. Idioms for Kids! This lesson provides a list of 68 interesting idioms with meaning and examples in English. by Greg Secrist | Aug 25, 2019 Every dog has his day Meaning: Everyone gets their chance to do something big. Know Your Idioms! Getting Started Distribute a copy of the mini-chart on page 53 to each student. com Home of everything to do with dogs/puppies including Proverbs/Sayings/Movies etc. dog-eat-dog MEANING: They went whole hog in their effort to make sure that the convention was a success. Darling, consigned himself to the dog's kennel as an act of remorse for inadvertently causing his children to be kidnapped. Start studying Common Idioms and Their Meanings 4. 40 brilliant idioms that simply can't be translated literally. Dogs definition, a domesticated canid, Canis familiaris, bred in many varieties. It’s time for another idiom quiz! All these idioms relate to the most popular American pets, dogs and cats. An idiom is a meaning created by how a word or phrase is used that is different from its literal meaning. Give me a hand please. Com Lesson and Quiz for English language students. Check out these interesting idioms from around the world and their originating countries. Darling, consigned himself to the dog's kennel as an act of remorse for inadvertently causing his children to be kidnapped. Top dog: A top dog is a person of authority and importance. Korean Meaning: 세상인심이 몹시 험악하고 각박하다는 말 Usage: Used to warn of or express your frustration with a world that is heartless and cruel. 10 Must-Know Arabic Idioms & Proverbs This entry was posted in babble , quirk and tagged on July 22, 2015 by Katie. An idiom is an expression that conveys something different from its literal meaning, and that cannot be guessed from the meanings of its individual words. Nol I Dudalen Gartref Gramadeg Back To The Grammar Home Page. Raining cats and dogs is a common phrase that refers to heavy rainfall. To reveal a secret. English meaning: A shameless person will be happy with a thorny tree on his backside saying that it will give him shade meaning a shameless person has no values; ਆਬ ਆਬ ਕਰ ਮੋਇਓ ਬੱਚਾ ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀਆਂ ਘਰ ਗਾਲ਼ੇ Transliteration: Aab Aab Kar Moiyo Bacha Farsian Ghar Gaale. List of idioms start with alphabet 'A' A cat and dog life. Word Play Quotations, clichés, and word play by CASunsetz. You could definitely not do it professionally. This dictionary of Russian idioms includes more than 500 Russian idiomatic expressions sorted alphabetically. Buy It's Raining Cats and Dogs: An Autism Spectrum Guide to the Confusing World of Idioms, Metaphors and Everyday Expressions by Michael Barton (ISBN: 9781849052832) from Amazon's Book Store. ) It rained cats and dogs last night. Just when you think you already got the hang of a foreign language, idioms rear their crazy little heads and go: nah-uh! Not so fast! Imagine overhearing a French conversation that translates into something along the lines of: to arrive like a. When talking about pets, for instance, you can introduce idioms such as "work like a dog" and "dog tired" which are related to the topic and will give students something to discuss. Bats navigate using their ears and emit high pitched sounds that cannot be. c) raining hard. The dogs bark, assuming that the prey is still in the tree, when the prey is no longer there. This site has over 1000 pictures of Idioms. but taken from fights between dogs) Precipices take their name from a Latin word meaning headlong or headfirst. A Very British Saying. Idioms are common phrases or terms whose meaning is not real, but can be understood by their popular use. But is it pouring? Yes. English idioms and their meanings is different from the meanings of actual words. Al-Haddad (1994) argues that there must be some relationship between the meaning of most idioms and the meanings of their constituents at some time in the past, and, if not, they would not have been expressed by them. Spanish idioms are so worthwhile to learn because they are irreverent, tongue-in-cheek and just plain funny. An idiom is an expression in a language which has a unique meaning which cannot be understood from the meanings of its parts (some English idioms are "It's raining cats and dogs", "Are you pulling my leg?" and "He flew off the handle"). ∞ Idioms are a part of speech which is particular to a group of speakers or an area or region. If you've got any comments or suggestions, though, we'd very much like to hear them. For example, look at idioms like raining cats and dogs, kick the bucket, spill the beans, etc. But the meaning explained in the. Ever wonder what your favourite dog-related expressions really mean? Or where they come from? Here's a list of the most commonly used dog idioms, their meanings, and possible origins. All idioms include a matching English translation. Pass out the drawing paper. Example: Elliot was excited to go play soccer with his friends. My favorite (or course) are dog idioms. Alun Hughes, a teacher on many Cymdeithas Madog Welsh language weeks, is a frequent contributor, especially in the area of how the Welsh language works. It doesn’t really rain cats and dogs, as the world and his wife knows. To be in the dog house 2. Literal meaning: The true origin of this phrase is unknown, however, the most probable explanation is that it originates from England in the 1700s when storm drains would often carry dead dogs and cats away when heavy rain fell. Idioms are also not to be confused with proverbs, which are simple sayings that express a truth based on common sense or practical experience. Often we let sleeping dogs lie with the plan to deal with the issue at a time that is more suitable. 5 Common English Idioms and How to Use Them - Bloomsbury News Blog Today's topic is about English idioms. ORIGINS OF IDIOMATIC PHRASES. • Example: Don’t. For example, when you say 'it's raining cats and dogs', you don't mean that cats and dogs are falling out of sky, but rather that it's raining heavily. But learning their meanings is crucial if you want to sound more like a native. Fit as a fiddle. Spanish Idioms Book. 200 Common Idioms with Meanings, Examples, and 4 Quizzes The dog took away the biscuit Experts had to eat their words on the impending doom of abc. These sensible sayings are extremely old and have been around for hundreds of years in the time when the Maltese population depended entirely on the land and also the sea around. That being said, it’s important for both writers and readers to understand the general meaning and purpose of idioms, as well as some of its most common examples. The above-mentioned examples, free phrases, using their synonyms to replace their elements wouldn’t change their meanings, while as fixed phrases, idioms can’t be changed, because their structures are common law. Most idioms in English when considered in isolation without any background knowledge do not particular ly make too much sense, and, to put it bluntly, sound very bizarre. Kids can enjoy using fun and creative idioms to express their thoughts in an entertaining way. pogo dog - got me, never heard of it. We looked at idioms used in his plays and discussed the meanings of them. Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs. Translating idioms is not an easy task. Don't call us, we'll call you. Idiom Examples By YourDictionary Idioms exist in every language. More dog idioms. For just $10, you can order a Chinese saying in your choice of calligraphy. Common English Idioms and Their Meanings - 7 E S L What is an idiom?. Dog's breakfast. The Fig and Olive Tree. And it seems to be characteristic of many idioms that we cannot ‘figure out’ their meanings at all. Each page has an idiom, an illustration of what it sounds like (literal meaning) and the meaning (figurative meaning). Englishclub. Meaning: getting information directly from the most reliable source. They are words or phrases that aren't meant to be taken literally. ∞ Idioms are a part of speech which is particular to a group of speakers or an area or region. The most useful Idioms and their Meaning An idiom is an expression whose meaning is different from the literal meaning, such as It’s raining cats and dogs. An idiom is a meaning created by how a word or phrase is used that is different from its literal meaning. A partial list of Chinese idioms and phrases which commonly appear in Chinese novels - particularly in the Wuxia, Xianxia & Xuanhuan genres. Literal/Nonliteral Phrases (Idioms) - I can determine the meaning of words. Such phrases are called IDIOMS. is commonly speculated) when creatures such as witches, demons, and ghosts are thought to appear and to be at their most powerful and black magic to be most effective. These sensible sayings are extremely old and have been around for hundreds of years in the time when the Maltese population depended entirely on the land and also the sea around. Learn the true meaning of such phrases as "it's raining cats and dogs" here. The meanings expressed by the verb and the preposition are literal— each word has a meaning. Fit as a fiddle. *English Meaning: when you say someone to put their finger out, you want that person to become more quick what s/he is struggling with. These pictures were drawn by children and the results are often funny. (the) birds and the bees sex education I learned about the birds and the bees when my baby brother was born. Don't die like I did. The following sayings, proverbs, and idiomatic expressions (Redewendungen) are our favorites. Oh, French idioms. Hair of the Dog to Paint the Town Red: The Curious Origins of Everyday Sayings and Fun Phrases Sayings and their Meanings: Don't Judge a Book by its Cover. Meaning: getting information directly from the most reliable source. Come-on – quickly – on the double. · Idioms Concentration allows students to match idioms to their meanings. Learn a song about funny animal idioms. Raining cats and dogs: pouring, raining very heavily. (It's raining very hard). Idioms or idiomatic expressions are usually used in conversational English and carry a figurative meaning. Now, I am totally dog tired after the 3 days of journey. A member of a people originally of central Luzon in the Philippine Islands; adj. The figurative meaning is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words. Man and dog have been together for centuries, with dogs being used for hunting and farm work, before being taken into our homes as beloved pets. What do they mean and where should I use these? 1) jemanden/etwas belächeln 2) jemandem Freiraum lassen 3) in den Sternen stehen 4) Klick machen 5) anders ticken. Idioms are used by people everyday, to the point where they have come to take on their own meanings as they have evolved over the centuries. The Origins of 12 Horse-Related Idioms. Skeleton staff. FIGURATIVE – The words don’t mean exactly what they say, but something different or exaggerated. 200 Common Idioms with Meanings, Examples, and 4 Quizzes The dog took away the biscuit Experts had to eat their words on the impending doom of abc. We see no point in informing the world that "fridge" is Australian slang for a "refrigerator". An idiom is a phrase that has a meaning which is different from the meanings of each individual word in it. For native and non-native English speakers of all ages. Es schüttet/ regnet wie aus Eimern/ Kübeln. Writings with non-literal language can be identified by the use of metaphors, similes, idioms and personifications. Students will match idioms to their meanings. Achilles heel Meaning: vulnerable spot, a small fault or weakness in a person or system that can result in its failure. Let The Cat Out Of The Bag. Lastly, the word “dog” is used as a demeaning term, as someone who is lazy, and thus the phrase suggests they work very little. If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old. Because the English language is full of idioms, we wanted to compile a list of English idioms and their origins to help make better sense of how these idioms work in modern contexts. It's raining cats and dogs! Really?! Idioms are a fun way to express ideas and thoughts! How does the use of idioms help us to understand different situations and how others are feeling? Let's read and find out more about idioms and their usefulness! Read about thirty famous idioms and both their real and special meanings in this book. An idiom is a phrase that has a meaning which is different from the meanings of each individual word in it. Try our interactive game to test you knowledge of idioms about the weather. Al-Haddad (1994) argues that there must be some relationship between the meaning of most idioms and the meanings of their constituents at some time in the past, and, if not, they would not have been expressed by them. An idiom is an expression that conveys something different from its literal meaning, and that cannot be guessed from the meanings of its individual words. Each page has an idiom, an illustration of what it sounds like (literal meaning) and the meaning (figurative meaning). a cold fish a. Just when you think you already got the hang of a foreign language, idioms rear their crazy little heads and go: nah-uh! Not so fast! Imagine overhearing a French conversation that translates into something along the lines of: to arrive like a. Dog's bollocks. decomposable than others” Rp. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: