How To Change Text Color In Linux Terminal

As I wait for the Linux on Ubuntu on Windows feature to arrive in this month Windows 10 update, I decided to add the Ubuntu fonts to Windows 10 in anticipation. Change the font and color in SuperPutty. You need to set your terminal type so that both computers communicate in the same way. Lolcat utility is available in the repository of lots of Linux distributions, but the available version bit older. Now by default the fonts displayed by default X server on Linux is much more readable than the tiny size displayed by Xming. I have my Terminal set to a black background with bright green text. have u tried the #include and #include header files. The \033 just designated that the values coming directly after it are special characters meant to be interpeted by the terminal. How do I change the color of text in Linux terminal? To change the background color of your Ubuntu terminal, open it and click Edit > Profile. Linux Mint terminal preferences. How to change the background of a terminial?The change really rocked my desktop look. Change the background color and font size Open ITerm2 > Preferences > Profiles > Colors and change the background black color to use 20% gray as shown below. How to Customize your Bash Prompt on a Linux VPS to change color of the foreground text are here: value so that the text that we type into the terminal is not. txt , but less suited when you want to view output in less. el and the folder “themes” (with the files color-theme-example. Run the terminal emulator on another system. i3/config file and I also tried to adjust the gtk2 font size, but nothing has changed in the terminal. ☑ Automatically change terminal's background color based on the ssh host. In cbreak mode (sometimes called “rare” mode) normal tty line buffering is turned off and characters are available to be read one by one. for linux, and others. color file in this earlier color_xterm says. A good use case for this is to to highlight errors. To change the favorites menu's background color, search for the. I see a colorful bash prompt. The New Default Scheme Details. which could be used to embed a terminal control sequence into the prompt ↑ BASH Shell change the color of my shell prompt under Linux. Most popular software terminal applications, including GNOME, KDE, and Xfce, ship with the option to change their color theme. Here is How To Get Custom Colorful Bash on SSH on Ubuntu and Other GNU Linux Along With Syntax Highlighting for Nano Text Editor. We have an other option where we can list color schemes. There are many other colors available which you can use defined as below. Open a terminal and enter the below command : $ sudo update-alternatives -config editor. Consult the documentation or manpages for your terminal, or do a web search for how to change the font in your chosen terminal. Release Found: Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Take a look at the output file myoutput. There are a couple options you can use with the cd command, but I won’t cover them as I hardly ever use them. Xdefaults configuration file (xterm, aterm, eterm, rxvt, urxvt), *. You should now see something like this:. The most common such terminal is probably the Linux console, followed by color xterms. Ubuntu uses a soothing purple color as the background for Terminal. GNOME Tweak Tool lets you change the font family and font size for app windows, interface, and in the terminal, but these changes do not change the font used in the GNOME top bar, notifications, extension menus, the date/time dropdown, the Dash/Activities overlay, and elsewhere. More importantly, we can use tput to improve the human factors of our scripts. When you change directories etc in a terminal shell the window title in Putty is likely to change, depending on the shell's. This is not actually a command, but a text animation broadcasted at towel. Problem: You need to display text in a terminal or virtual console but would like it to display in a pre-determined color. Experienced Linux users and admins probably already know the charms of xterm, however I think from time to time it’s good to have a refreshed article, to show Linux newcomers or just basically people who never give xterm a second glance, that xterm is actually a very good (if not the best) terminal of choice ;) Customize Xterm. Essentially you'll see that if you set the color anywhere between 0 and 15 (0x00 and 0x0f), then you are changing the text color. Some time working on a large screen but the Ubuntu terminal font still appear small may hurt your vision. Re: grep: highlighting matches in color Posted by Anonymous (24. 04, Windows and ChelvetOS. It is used by the color property of many components and by other properties that specify color values. You can choose the starting point for the text (via a height/width coordinate), the fill color of the text, the point size of the text, and the font used. Yes, it should. The default is ''XtDefaultBackground. html=32:di=1;36" ] this will change the color of all. How do I change the color of my shell prompt under Linux or Unix operating systems? You can change the color of your shell prompt to impress your friend or to make your own life quite easy while working at the command prompt. RECOMMENDED FOR YOU. The main function to use is ‘color-theme-select’. As linux user, I use very often the terminal and I think that default look and feel of terminal is not pretty good. For those who want to have a different look and feel on folder icons, folder-color extension allows to change the color or emblem of selected folder in the default Nautilus file browser. However, it seems useful to document some of the Linux keyboard and console related properties of X. If you download the file then the filename is ‘mono. To use color, you must call the start_color() function soon after calling initscr(), to initialize the default color set (the curses. Just replace “0;41” with other color values in above text. In this mode it will change the terminal size most of the time, but enlarge the font when you maximise the window. There are several ways to share your content in network. COLOR 00 Windows 10 color schemes. Do the same under Appearance for the font and size. Text-Terminal-HOWTO Terminal Set-Up (Configure) Details. Using iconic font to fit a lot of info even on laptop screens. print("\033[1;32;40m Bright Green "). You can work around it by setting xterm*boldFont to the same value as xterm*font above. Colours with Linux terminals How to change the text-mode default from white-on-black. Furthermore, it supports prompt changing on common shells such as bash, zsh and tcsh. Click on the github link and download the zip. The default is ''XtDefaultForeground. Transform your Terminal screen just like Iron Man Jarvis - 100% transparent or change the background color or text color of the Terminal screen. scite - A GTK+ based programmers editor, uses Scintilla editing component. Yes, it should. vimrc to another computer and run Vim under the virtual terminal (VT) which supports only 8 colors, your. On GNOME 3 desktop environment, you can use GNOME Tweak Tool to change the default fonts of Arch Linux. Terminal color preferences. In this section, we will see how to print formatted texts in Linux terminal. It's funny because twenty years ago the dream was to get color terminal ;-). Sequences may also be received on the input stream in response to an output stream query information sequence or as an encoding of user input when the appropriate mode is set. This tutorial covers advanced use, tagging, vim plugins and integration with cscope. Setting black & white terminal requires some knowledge of terminals. I have my Terminal set to a black background with bright green text. The default Ubuntu Terminal color scheme. In the font sizes I use most, the alignment of characters is particularly good and uniform, making it easier to quickly inspect long blocks of code for errors. How to display or change a welcome message in Linux terminal. This way, themes may be chosen, or a custom color may be chosen to set just the color you wish to use. In almost all the linux distributions the default terminal that opens is with black text and white back ground or when you log into the text mode it would be black background with white font. 04 allows you to change the cursor size through the Settings application. You cannot change the Desktop font color. Step 1: Go to the following GitHub page and download the contents as a ZIP archive. Curses allows you to change the color and the style of the text. This will list avaibilible color schemes. according to mode asked for. You can customize your own color scheme to choose different text colors, background colors, and formatting like bold and underline. While iTerm2-Homebrew-Oh-My-ZSH gives hundreds of colors, it is quite pathetic to work with white colored texts with some color provided by iTerm2. People generally prefer the Ubuntu terminal’s default color which is black background and white text color to avoid any kind of distraction. Most of the time I use Linux on my desktop and use the default X server for remote X clients. All changes will take effect. So we need to polish it up to. When connected to Ubuntu Virtual machine, I use putty as a Linux terminal and I use vim as my editor to do some coding. How to change network interface names permanently in Linux Posted on April 2, 2014 by Dan Nanni 4 Comments Question: I want to change a network interface name (e. color file in this earlier color_xterm says. So, you want your terminal to be customized with awesome script every time you fire it up, huh?! Well, look no further because I am here to answer this calling! This "How-To" Will be short, descriptive, and to the point! So, let's get right into it, shall we then? The very first thing we will be. Now when I use vi with the colors, some of the text is unreadable against the dark background. Unfortunately. Here are six great monospace fonts that can be easily installed from the official Fedora repositories to make your text editor or terminal emulator look. How can I change the sage terminal colours to something more readable? I don't want to change my default system terminal settings. Other Color Codes’s:. Click the "Customize" button. When I call tree , the the color of the command prompt changes, and is only returned to normal by the ls command. Otherwise, if you find that the type underneath the icons is the problem itself, then try running gsettings set org. It can be installed on a variety of platforms. In the picture below it is the green text, '[email protected]:~$'. ) /*REXX program to display sixteen lines, each of a different color. boldMode makes color+bold = lightcolor, but bold foreground (color7) stays color7. I wanted the slabs for evenness of text, despite I usually prefer minimalistic typefaces, and the Term varian t just to avoid having to deal with and similar becoming crazy merged glyphs, especially as some terminals on Linux could not even render them correctly (worked fine in OS X's terminal though). Open ITerm2 > Preferences > Profiles > Colors and change the background black color to use 20% gray as shown below. In GNOME Terminal there is an option to set the color of the bold text (right click → Profiles → Profile Settings → Colors → Bold colors), there should be the same on mate-terminal. Setting the Size of the Terminal / Console Window in a Linux Server VM We did a lot of Linux virtual machine installs when I worked with VMWare's SpringSource group. We have an other option where we can list color schemes. To change Colors click first on Colours in the left panel then Default Foreground in the right side. interface cursor-size 50 To restore default cursor size, run this command: gsettings set org. This post explains how you can change the color of the Terminal prompt in Mac OS X. Either way, the nostalgic green or amber text on a black screen is wholly optional. Sequences may also be received on the input stream in response to an output stream query information sequence or as an encoding of user input when the appropriate mode is set. h> #define ANSI_COLOR_RED "\x1b[31m" #define ANSI_COLOR_GREEN "\x1b[32m" #d. In this post, I just will explain how to easily change the color of the text in a Linux terminal. Note: Install these packages through Package Control by opening up the Command Pallette (CTRL/⌘-SHIFT-P), selecting “Package Control: Install Package”, and searching for the package by its name. In this section we'll talk about the Vim syntax highlighting paradigm and how to set up and customize the coloring schemes. The font size will be automaticaly changed to fit your specifications hence no reboot is required. In yours, it can be slightly deferent. We all know the power of Linux. Syntax highlighting emphasizes the structure of a document, helps catch typographical errors, aids in debugging purposes, and overall can make text editing easier and more productive. The hostname saved in this file (/etc/hostname) will be preserved on system reboot (and will be set using the same script we used hostname. For example, when you need to set the background color to orange (R: 0xff, G: 0xa5, B: 0x00); ]11;#ffa500 When you issue a reset command, the color is set back to the original color when you started the session (it's not the current color you set in global options or address book). As a developer, you work with a lot of text resources: the source code in the editor, search results, debugger information, console input and output, and so on. Cursor color The cursor color. I see a colorful bash prompt. Some time working on a large screen but the Ubuntu terminal font still appear small may hurt your vision. txt , but less suited when you want to view output in less. Can you change the text color in the terminal Learn more about color, preferences, linux, terminal MATLAB. For instance, to make searches yellow, bold and underlined in the terminal:. Change terminal color theme in Linux. setterm -term linux -back -fore -clear. If you download the file then the filename is ‘mono. text to terminal sfk color - change text color of. Changing directory. Code points in the text buffer and font are generally not the same as encoding used in text terminal semantics to put characters on the screen. You cannot change the Desktop font color. For example Anonymous Pro 11. In GNOME Terminal there is an option to set the color of the bold text (right click → Profiles → Profile Settings → Colors → Bold colors), there should be the same on mate-terminal. If it is meant to change colors on an incidental basis:. Choose Menu Bar from the Options menu. Set new text and background colors here and alter the terminal's opacity. To see the secondary prompt, enter \ and press enter. h> #define ANSI_COLOR_RED "\x1b[31m" #define ANSI_COLOR_GREEN "\x1b[32m" #d. A good use case for this is to to highlight errors. I can insert a binary character using an editor like EMACS but if I show the binary character, the terminal may change it to show it to you. For window height, change TermHeight\24\ to TermHeight\40\ For window width, change TermWidth\80\ to TermWidth\120\ and so on. Open Terminal at File Press ctrl+shift+t on Windows and Linux, or cmd+shift+t on OS X Open Terminal at Project Folder Press ctrl+alt+shift+t on Windows and Linux, or cmd+alt+shift+t on OS X In addition to the key bindings, terminals can also be opened via the editor context menu and the sidebar context menus. For Terminal. This is not a bug in set_color but a missing feature in the terminal emulator. The ANSI codes (or escape sequences) may appear as character codes rather than formatting codes. Guys, Is there a way to change the font color, within my local terminal, every time I SSH into another machine? I know I can set it up on each. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Re-open the Terminal for the changes to take effect, or if at the console/tty, relogin there. A well thought out color scheme can help reduce eye strain and make working in the terminal a much more enjoyable experience. For Windows users, it is similar to DS-DOS, only much more powerful. It is a must have knowledge to modify LS_COLORS environment variable. An application running inside the terminal can also request a different color chosen from the palette below to draw text. RedHat based system use the file /etc/sysconfig/network to read the saved hostname at system boot. bash_profile. sublime-syntax under the Packages/User folder. Get the currently used version with:. Keep that file handy. So if we want to produce the same font and line width dimensions, we have to use this command: set terminal postscript eps size 3. Add Text to Images With Linux 'convert' Command: This instructable will show you how to add text to an image using the convert command in Linux. It can be installed on a variety of platforms. You can change folder color to blue, pink, black, yellow, violet, orange, green, grey or red. '' -fg color This option specifies the color to use for displaying text. Here are six great monospace fonts that can be easily installed from the official Fedora repositories to make your text editor or terminal emulator look. Even if you disable ANSI colors, you can still select your favorite text and background colors to be used in the terminal window. To Remove the Menu Bar. ANSI escape sequence is a sequence of ASCII characters, the first two of which are the ASCII "Escape" character 27 (1Bh) and the left-bracket character " [ "(5Bh). How can I change the sage terminal colours to something more readable? I don't want to change my default system terminal settings. html=32:di=1;36" ] this will change the color of all. With Konsole you can change the background and foreground colors of your terminal window, and one of the best features is the ability to set the colors using the command line or Linux shell. For example Anonymous Pro 11. Xterm is a terminal which runs in X. cecho is an enhanced ECHO command line utility with color support, inspired by the CTEXT utility by Dennis Bareis. In this Linux tutorial for beginners, you will learn how to change directories in Linux using the cd command. The default font of the Konsole terminal emulator is "monospace 9pt". Grub-customizer has an official PPA for Ubuntu and its derivatives such as Linux Mint. Tutorial to customize or change the Ubuntu terminal text and background colors Step 1: Run the Ubuntu command terminal. Terminal Launcher is also a nice looking launcher for people who are interested in techy stuff like the command prompt, Linux command prompt, and MS-DOS. You can add color to your Linux terminal using special ANSI encoding settings, either dynamically in a terminal command or in configuration files, or you can use ready-made themes in your terminal emulator. Notice however, the “Putty Session Profile” dropdown. In this guide, you will find the most important Linux commands, to use the terminal like a pro. Step 3: Under the Profile preference you can set multiple things like Ubuntu terminal font size, Step 4:. To change the border color of the two above possibilities, change the box-shadow value in the same classes. xterm parameters can be set in a few different configuration files User config files ~/. There are plenty of ways to spice up the Linux terminal and make it look modern and visually appealing. out is native to Java. Step 3: Under the Profile preference you can set multiple things like Ubuntu terminal font size, Step 4:. x was the last monolithic release of IPython, containing the notebook server, qtconsole, etc. Anyway, the new profile would use the same color scheme file as the default profile. Also, if you run it in a virtual terminal as the main application, you get a rather convincing (and comical, if you read the text) rendition of the BSOD with a nice haiku at the beginning of it. All you are have to do is to include echo command in your shell startup file. Must-Have Sublime Text 3 Packages. You can use this dialog box to display any message you like. In Windows 10 (new build >= 16257) the default color values have been changed to improve legibility of darker colors on modern screens. This way, themes may be chosen, or a custom color may be chosen to set just the color you wish to use. h), libyui-ncurses has to be recompiled. Don’t worry, your changes will survive reboots. This will install the Ubuntu font and the appropriate color scheme for the command prompt console. It can be installed on a variety of platforms. If you have long lines of text inside a terminal and. How to Configure Your Terminal Environment: Cygwin/X: Cygwin terminal vs. How to change the background of a terminial?The change really rocked my desktop look. It’s running either on the local machine or remote machine through ssh. And to understand the color palette on the PC console, you need to go all the way back to the old CGA days. Since many people (like I do) use a console color scheme other than the default it might be useful to reset to their preferences upon exit. If you download the file then the filename is ‘mono. I have been running a program suite in a shell. It should already have a PS1 line in there just needed to be uncommented. How do I set Linux terminal to change font color/size for my commands vs. $ telnet towel. scite - A GTK+ based programmers editor, uses Scintilla editing component. From: Bartman Here is an easy way to set different colours for different kinds of files when using the ls command. I am a new GNU/Linux user. It creates the Color Theme Selection buffer that allows you to test the themes before choosing one. Lolcat utility is available in the repository of lots of Linux distributions, but the available version bit older. In this section, we will see how to print formatted texts in Linux terminal. Not everyone is fond of such simple looks and if you are one of them then here are a few ways you can change that look. That's neat. Experienced Linux users and admins probably already know the charms of xterm, however I think from time to time it’s good to have a refreshed article, to show Linux newcomers or just basically people who never give xterm a second glance, that xterm is actually a very good (if not the best) terminal of choice ;) Customize Xterm. The computed layout system offers a few additional capabilities, like automatic centering, expanding of dimensions and a handful of other features. Take a look at the output file myoutput. You can also use the command in Terminal instead of the dconf-editor. It let us run multi-node clusters off our MacBooks for customer demos. The changes should take effect next time you run a command; if not, just restart the terminal. You can get it from. When you run ls command, you see executable files in different colors, image files in different colors and so does the directories. Gogh is a set of Bash scripts that makes it easy to change the terminal color scheme on Linux and macOS. bashrc and reopen your terminal emulator. The background color setting does change the background color. Text-Terminal-HOWTO Terminal Set-Up (Configure) Details. Changing Desktop Appearance On Linux Mint 11 (Advanced) Version 1. How-To: Enable Syntax Highlighting in Nano Editor Nano is a popular, user-friendly text editor for Linux which runs in console mode, without the need of an X server. change the font in wsl-terminal. This can be convenient as you don't have to switch windows or alter the state of an existing terminal to perform a quick command-line task. Change the text colour to black or any colour that you want and as well change the background colour to white or custom colour that you want. When you run ls command, you see executable files in different colors, image files in different colors and so does the directories. Change to 0 for Red, Green and Blue. It is used by the color property of many components and by other properties that specify color values. bashrc file -. Place the prompt in the file as shown earlier in the document. Using iconic font to fit a lot of info even on laptop screens. Yes, it should. In this guide, you will find the most important Linux commands, to use the terminal like a pro. The font size of my terminal is still very small. For example, "x^2"will write x-squared as we are used to seeing it, with a superscript 2. You should then see the “Create New Session” dialog box. You can also use the command in Terminal instead of the dconf-editor. The instructions to change this color depends on the GTK+ 3 version that the system is using. colorscheme (konsole, yakuake) and *. Once I installed that, I got all these syntax colors by default. At this point, whenever you open a new terminal window, the message will appear inside the terminal window. This tutorial, which is the first in a series that teaches Linux basics to get new users on their feet, covers getting started with the terminal, the Linux command line, and executing commands. If you try to set color values while using a black and white display, the window’s characteristics will default as follows: the foreground color will be set to black, the background color will be set to white, the border color will be set to grey, and the text and mouse cursors will be set to black. according to mode asked for. exe), not the server (whatever's on the other end of ssh). The Linux “chmod” command stands for (change file mode bits). In my universities, the start up where I interned, the big IT company where I currently work at, Eclipse has always. The default is ''XtDefaultForeground. You can override this by providing specific color or linetype properties in the plot command or you can change the default sequence. Active 11 months ago. Anyway, the new profile would use the same color scheme file as the default profile. If you have below questions then you are at right place: Simple Tricks to Improve the Terminal Appearance; how do you change mac terminal theme; mac terminal color ls; change terminal color linux. Also, if you run it in a virtual terminal as the main application, you get a rather convincing (and comical, if you read the text) rendition of the BSOD with a nice haiku at the beginning of it. Kali Linux, with its BackTrack lineage, has a vibrant and active community. Some systems have old and incomplete terminfo databases, and may lack color information for terminals that support it. How to Configure Your Terminal Environment: Cygwin/X: Cygwin terminal vs. Neofetch is the second tool on this list of best tools to display Linux distribution ASCII logo art in terminal. As a developer, you work with a lot of text resources: the source code in the editor, search results, debugger information, console input and output, and so on. Right click on the top of the window to get a menu. Don't bother with libraries, the code is really simple. '' -fn font. Suggested Read: 5 Most Frequently Used Open Source Shells for Linux In case you have. In this section we'll talk about the Vim syntax highlighting paradigm and how to set up and customize the coloring schemes. Problem: You need to display text in a terminal or virtual console but would like it to display in a pre-determined color. Comment out the stock PS1 and write your own on beneath it. I have just changed my server operating system from sco openserver to Centos 6. Adjusting your theme is as easy as adjusting application preferences. How to Customize your Bash Prompt on a Linux VPS to change color of the foreground text are here: value so that the text that we type into the terminal is not. I mean, in Gnome-Terminal or Konsole, it's easy to modify the background of a running terminal by modifying its profile using the terminal menu, with xterm there is not such a ressource, you can activate some ressources by cliking the mouse keys with the Ctrl-key active but nome of these ressources control the background or the foreground color. Learn how to change text color Watch the following video to learn how to change the text color of a C/C++ console application: It changes all terminal color. In this mode it will change the terminal size most of the time, but enlarge the font when you maximise the window. On the rare occasion of having to use Windows to ssh to a Linux server, my preferred X server is Xming. Scrolling The scroll region displays the position and amount of text currently showing in the window (highlighted) relative to the amount of text actually saved. The \033 just designated that the values coming directly after it are special characters meant to be interpeted by the terminal. With this script you will be able to change your terminal's background and text color, to one that suits the background. The colors and font changes described require that you use an alias for ls that turns on the color feature. This tutorial covers advanced use, tagging, vim plugins and integration with cscope. using either graphics mode or text mode. Set new text and background colors here and alter the terminal's opacity. For Windows users, it is similar to DS-DOS, only much more powerful. how to printf with color int terminal unix and c language ; Background color of a matched text - WPF; Changing Text Character Color in Console? Help to add a Progress bar to code with thread C#; Change the text color of console in C++; Add a little Graphics to your Console; getting console text in string; Color your Console text (C#). my default tty font color is white, but i would like it to be green. I do not like colors. Example in C: #include <stdio. In this tool (Figure 1), click on Personal Fonts and then click the + Add button. An application running inside the terminal can also request a different color chosen from the palette below to draw text. In almost all the linux distributions the default terminal that opens is with black text and white back ground or when you log into the text mode it would be black background with white font. There exists no standard way of doing this, but in case of Linux you have the setterm program. If it is meant to change colors on an incidental basis:. Use Transparent Background Uncheck the theme colour and choose a custom theme. In cbreak mode (sometimes called “rare” mode) normal tty line buffering is turned off and characters are available to be read one by one. 1 How to inspect or change the default colors, line, and point properties? When you issue a plot or splot command with multiple components, gnuplot will by default cycle through a set of colors and linetypes. Traditional command such as grep command or ls command also display output in colors. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Appearance. This guide shows you how to use the Linux diff command line to compare two text files side by side with various switches used for tailoring output. As linux user, I use very often the terminal and I think that default look and feel of terminal is not pretty good. For instance, to make searches yellow, bold and underlined in the terminal:. Enter name of desired font and font size. But I want black text on a white background. The translation is ISO-8859-1 which may garble the ' displayed in "Linux User's Manual". Must-Have Sublime Text 3 Packages. Setting Prompt With Color. The terminal displays these colors in response to some ANSI encoded control sequences generated. Installed vim-nox. Ubuntu uses a soothing purple color as the background for Terminal. Add the font name to the Terminal's Font Family setting You can access and edit the Cloud9 stylesheet by going to Cloud9 > Open your Stylesheet. The \033 just designated that the values coming directly after it are special characters meant to be interpeted by the terminal. 2) Added ISO 6429 support for color text. In the corresponding color slots, change the RGB values to the following:. You cannot change the Desktop font color. You should now see something like this:. In my universities, the start up where I interned, the big IT company where I currently work at, Eclipse has always. use_system_font Whether or not to use the GNOME default monospace font for terminals. The ANSI codes (or escape sequences) may appear as character codes rather than formatting codes. wrapper() function does. I have my Terminal set to a black background with bright green text. As I wait for the Linux on Ubuntu on Windows feature to arrive in this month Windows 10 update, I decided to add the Ubuntu fonts to Windows 10 in anticipation. 500 to get a scrollable terminal window. dat, either by a text editor of your choice, or the command less in a terminal window on a Mac or Linux Machine. I was encouraged to do this by the appearance of directories as blue on a black background. We shall also see how to only install security updates and not all regular updates by command line. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: