Responseentity Redirect

Redirect(String) Redirects a request to a new URL and specifies the new URL. You can vote up the examples you like. Net Web API project Start by creating a new "Asp. In the header of each request we send a client-token, which is to be validated by an interceptor in spring, if valid the request continues, but if the client-token is not valid, we should return a json response and an appropriate status code. Therefore, I created a LogoutResource that returns these values. here is the gradle : compile 'com. Which indicates that this response is going yo redirect to some other URL. * Return the { @code FlashMapManager } instance to save flash attributes. These are described in detail in Request Matching. springframework. 私たちのために生成されたユーザーにPDFを返す必要があるユースケースがあります。 この場合はResponseEntityを使用する必要があるようですが、あまり明確ではないことがいくつかあります。. In Spring, a controller. After choosing an arbitrary name for the app, you are supposed to fill an  Redirect URI to complete the creation process. The RestTemplate class is the central class in Spring Framework for the synchronous calls by the client to access a REST web-service. The 406 Not Acceptable is an HTTP response status code indicating that the client has requested a response using Accept-headers that the server is unable to fulfill. This is a bare bones Spring Boot app that has been modified to support the OpenId Connect Authorization Code flow via OneLogin. In this code path, the Product object is provided in the response body. HttpServletRequest and mainly used for modifying the response which is being sent to the browser after processing the client's request. return ResponseEntity. Learn Basic and advanced configurations, reducing development time by many-fold. Setting up a basic web application with Spring Boot is a cake walk. 5 and am currently creating a web application used to generate a report through Aspose. Learn to create HTTP POST REST APIs using Spring boot 2 framework which accept JSON request and return JSON response to client. I expected a custom page. Next, we need to define the user endpoints for authentication requests. And the resource server is trying to contact the client application using the redirect uri. Spring Boot ResponseEntity tutorial shows how to use ResponseEntity in a Spring application. MongoDB 是一个介于关系数据库和非关系数据库之间的产品,是非关系数据库当中功能最丰富,最像关系数据库的,旨在为 WEB 应用提供可扩展的高性能数据存储解决方案。. Autocomplete allows you to easily create autocomplete and auto-suggest boxes for text input fields. Returns the enum constant of this type with the specified name. getForEntity(): Use HTTP GET method with the given URL variables and returns ResponseEntity. please some body help me. NOT_FOUND 를 넣어 넘겨주었다. 0 the convenience method { @link #saveOutputFlashMap} may be. In this article, we will see How to Upload and Download Files in Java with Spring Boot. In this code path, the Product object is provided in the response body. @Data is a Lombok annotation to create all the getters, setters, equals, hash, and toString methods, based on the fields. The Spring Boot makes developing RESTful services ridiculously easy, and using Swagger makes documenting your RESTful services much easier. We can generate a Self Signed SSL Certificate ourselves for development and testing purposes. xml but the standard 404 page is displayed in the browser. This is typically a result of the user agent (i. How to consume REST based web service in Spring BOOT Introduction In my last tutorial I wrote about Consuming a secure SOAP based web service in Spring Boot application , In this tutorial, I will talk about consuming a simple unsecured REST service in Spring Boot Consuming REST service is very simple and less ad-hoc than SOAP service. So we will write a controller to get the Authorization code as a request parameter. Here we will be using Spring boot to avoid basic configurations and complete java config. You can click to vote up the examples that are useful to you. Today I’m going to show you the various options available. return ResponseEntity. Complete Spring Boot Rest API tutorial with all CRUD operations. In a regular HTTP response, the Content-Disposition response header is a header indicating if the content is expected to be displayed inline in the browser, that is, as a Web page or as part of a Web page, or as an attachment, that is downloaded and saved locally. MongoDB 是一个介于关系数据库和非关系数据库之间的产品,是非关系数据库当中功能最丰富,最像关系数据库的,旨在为 WEB 应用提供可扩展的高性能数据存储解决方案。. The mapper is a Function that takes the incoming ResponseEntity and converts it to an outgoing one. Building Simple Web Service with Spring Boot Make sure you have your development environment configured. Once permission is granted and login with facebook user id and password, Facebook redirects the browser back to your application. How to consume REST based web service in Spring BOOT Introduction In my last tutorial I wrote about Consuming a secure SOAP based web service in Spring Boot application , In this tutorial, I will talk about consuming a simple unsecured REST service in Spring Boot Consuming REST service is very simple and less ad-hoc than SOAP service. Learn Basic and advanced configurations, reducing development time by many-fold. Or, even better, add this like to your. It overrides status information set by other means, like ResponseEntity or redirect:. * Return the { @code FlashMapManager } instance to save flash attributes. Public Sub Close (responseEntity As Byte(), willBlock As Boolean) Parameters. In production, we should use a certificate issued by a trusted Certificate Authority (CA). This guide helps you create a full stack application with all the CRUD (Create, Read, Update and Delete) features using React as Frontend framework and Spring Boot as the backend REST API. So we will write a controller to get the Authorization code as a request parameter. The server will not only perform an authorization code flow, but it will also establish a session (tracked with cookies), send a CSRF cookie in the header (that Angular will handle automatically), and redirect back to the client URL. In this, Spring Boot RestTemplate GET request example, learn to use RestTemplate to invoke REST GET API verify api response status code and response entity body. responseEntity Byte[] A Byte array that contains the response to send to the client. @ExceptionHandler is an annotation for handling exceptions in specific handler classes or handler methods. You already have a perfectly fine ResponseEntity (which in your method your misname as 'status'), and then you mangle it to make a new ResponseEntity that doesn't even correctly represent what happened on the server. http 응답 상태 코드는 특정 http 요청이 성공적으로 완료되었는지 알려줍니다. net package can be used to send Java HTTP Request programmatically. RequestHeader. ResponseEntity will give you some added flexibility in defining arbitrary HTTP response headers. In this tutorial, we're going to illustrate the broad range of operations where the Spring REST Client – RestTemplate – can be used, and used well. But Access Tokens can expire When access tokens expire, the resource server like like tasks API of google will return 401 HTTP status, the simplest solution is to throw an OAuth2AuthorizationException which is a type of AuthenticationException that will trigger the login flow again. please some body help me. The mapper is a Function that takes the incoming ResponseEntity and converts it to an outgoing one. class, new CustomDateEditor(new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"), true)); }. springframework. Validating a request is a critical component of a Great REST API. It will automatically create a RedisConnectionFactory which connect Session API to Redis Server on localhost on port 6379. Clone via HTTPS Clone with Git or checkout with SVN using the repository's web address. In this spring rest tutorial, learn to create REST APIs using Spring boot 2 framework which return JSON responses to client. Throws: IllegalArgumentException - if location is null. 1、spring mvc下载[email protected](value="/getpdf", method=RequestMethod. ResponseEntity responseEntity = restTemplate. To start with writing Junit test cases first we need to identify what are the different units of the app we are developing. 3 Redis Configurations. Spring MVC返回pdf文件并在页面显示而不是下载. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Let’s say I’m modifying the value of Header “Site“. But Access Tokens can expire When access tokens expire, the resource server like like tasks API of google will return 401 HTTP status, the simplest solution is to throw an OAuth2AuthorizationException which is a type of AuthenticationException that will trigger the login flow again. 0 introduced HandlerExceptionResolver to handle thrown exceptions. Java Code Examples for org. NOTE: Revised April 2018 Spring MVC provides several complimentary approaches to exception handling but, when teaching Spring MVC, I often find that my students are confused or not comfortable with them. I wanted to save a property in mongo when i executed a POST operation, but i didn’t want to return this property when i executed a GET operation. @ResponseBody. 응답은 5개의 그룹으로 나누어집니다: 정보를 제공하는 응답, 성공적인 응답, 리다이렉트, 클라이언트 에러, 그리고 서버 에러. Follow this steps: – Login to https://console. JAX-RS and HTTP Responses HTTP Status Codes are a big part of the HTTP protocol that most of us have seen countless times in our web browsing and development. it looks for IndexController which returns the ajax. MultiValueMap. ResponseBuilder extends java. Here you will need the firewall I mentioned before. Once the server is startup. GET ) @ResponseBody public List_ Foo _ findAll()( return service. Parameters: location - the redirection URI. If your method always returns a redirect, use ResponseEntity, otherwise whatever is returned normally as generic type. NOT_FOUND 를 넣어 넘겨주었다. JAX-RS and HTTP Responses HTTP Status Codes are a big part of the HTTP protocol that most of us have seen countless times in our web browsing and development. It overrides status information set by other means, like ResponseEntity or redirect:. These are described in detail in Request Matching. MultiValueMap. The expectation is that the status is a 302 redirect with a message in an attribute called "page_error". For example – The below statement will include a header “Site” in the response with value “BeginnersBook. Table of Contents. However client would really like to know how to interpret these bytes. In this post we are going to discuss about response implicit object in JSP. For the API side of all examples, we'll be running the RESTful service. JAX-RS and HTTP Responses HTTP Status Codes are a big part of the HTTP protocol that most of us have seen countless times in our web browsing and development. Basic stubbing. Once you enter the value in the text box and submit it main. Complete Spring Boot Rest API tutorial with all CRUD operations. Public Sub Close (responseEntity As Byte(), willBlock As Boolean) Parameters. This is a bare bones Spring Boot app that has been modified to support the OpenId Connect Authorization Code flow via OneLogin. Parameters: location - the redirection URI. ContentType. springframework. The status code is applied to the HTTP response when the handler method is invoked, or whenever the specified exception is thrown. private ResponseEntity や ResponseEntity sendMessage( @RequestParam String username, UriComponentsBuilder builder, HttpServletResponse response ){ //. This guide helps you create a full stack application with all the CRUD (Create, Read, Update and Delete) features using React as Frontend framework and Spring Boot as the backend REST API. The temporaryRedirect(String location) method of the WireMock class issues a temporary redirect. Yes, you can also include them in each app’s application. Note, this works in Spring 3. This article shows you how to use them in the same app, and secure it all with Okta. Creating an Asp. Redirect(String, Boolean) Redirects a client to a new URL. 4' You can just call the bellow code to get response: ResponseObject response = new RestExample (). OK 를 넣어 주고 그렇지 않을 경우 HttpStatus. From stateful to stateless RESTful security using Spring and JWTs - Part 2 (session-based authentication) By codesandnotes_ , In Code , Java , Spring We're going to set up a RESTful API which we will secure using Spring Security and session-based (stateful) authentication. It asumes the ResponseEntity responseEntity object is already. However client would really like to know how to interpret these bytes. (Extraneous whitespace characters are not permitted. The following are Jave code examples for showing how to use APPLICATION_FORM_URLENCODED_VALUE of the org. My ResponseEntity status is 302, i want to follow this request to get the body response , because i didn't get the body for this request. Spring MVC の @RequestMapping の使い方をメモしておく。Spring Boot も Spring MVC を使っているので使い方はまったく同じ。 RequestMappng とは Spring MVC のコントローラに付与して、リクエスト URL に対して、どのメソッドが処理を実行するか定義す…. Handling request having String body. io/info is a well-known URL to retrieve the versions mapping that Spring. I wanted to save a property in mongo when i executed a POST operation, but i didn’t want to return this property when i executed a GET operation. Responseが提供している Responseオブジェクト作成メソッドについて調べてみました。. RedirectPermanent(String) Performs a permanent redirection from the requested URL to the specified URL. In the following application, we demonstrate the usage of the @ResponseStatus annotation. This article shows you how to use them in the same app, and secure it all with Okta. 0 the convenience method { @link #saveOutputFlashMap} may be. So we will write a controller to get the Authorization code as a request parameter. For such cases it is preferable to use a ResponseEntity as a return type and avoid the use of @ResponseStatus altogether. The Spring controller receives a MultipartFile, which is then sent to storage service class. Java Code Examples for org. It will automatically create a RedisConnectionFactory which connect Session API to Redis Server on localhost on port 6379. On the right pane, right- click TCP/IP, and select Properties. share | improve this answer answered Nov 21 '17 at 11:02. I added this to my web. This article shows you how to use them in the same app, and secure it all with Okta. You can click to vote up the examples that are useful to you. io/info is a well-known URL to retrieve the versions mapping that Spring. @ResponseBody public ResponseEntity < byte [] > pom (BasicProjectRequest request) { Redirect for /info https://start. xml but the standard 404 page is displayed in the browser. Spring provides first class support for developing REST services. Spring Boot ResponseEntity tutorial shows how to use ResponseEntity in a Spring application. The controller method may render vs redirect, it may stay on the same page (after data binding errors) or redirect after success. 同じプロジェクト内のページに飛ぶのに、redirect:を使う理由は思いつきません。 処理効率も悪いですし、面倒な手続きは増えますし。 でも、 フォワ ードは内部のページにしかとべませんが、リダイレクトは全く関係ない外部のページにもとべます。. WebClient is a non-blocking, reactive HTTP client with a fluent functional style API. Building a back-end API layer introduces a whole new area of challenges that goes beyond implementing just endpoints. I had to integrate with a provider that used slightly non-standard definition of OAuth2 for my personal project and it was like extra 400 lines of code just to get a response with user details because once I started poking around Spring Boot autoconfiguration stopped working. Used in the redirect-after-POST (aka POST/redirect/GET) pattern. GET /birds/noexception/{birdId} This call also gets information about a bird, except it doesn't throw an exception in case that the bird is not found. OK, I Understand. The following code examples are extracted from open source projects. Spring boot, return JSON from an interceptor. Spring Boot @ResponseStatus example. 06/16/2017; 2 minutes to read; In this article. Redirect(String, Boolean) Redirects a client to a new URL. Once upon a time, Spring 2. Looking forward for the next article. In this article, we will see How to Upload and Download Files in Java with Spring Boot. To start with writing Junit test cases first we need to identify what are the different units of the app we are developing. 0 introduced HandlerExceptionResolver to handle thrown exceptions. The mapper is a Function that takes the incoming ResponseEntity and converts it to an outgoing one. After choosing an arbitrary name for the app, you are supposed to fill an  Redirect URI to complete the creation process. Posted on Aug 14, 2015 • Shaun Donnelly • • If you're using Spring Boot's REST controllers for an application, your controller methods typically look like this: @RequestMapping (value = "", method = RequestMethod. In this episode we will look at how to post json to spring controller and have it automatically convert JSON to arraylist, object or multiple objects. delete(): Deletes the resources at the given URL. In this, Spring Boot RestTemplate GET request example, learn to use RestTemplate to invoke REST GET API verify api response status code and response entity body. Learn to create HTTP POST REST APIs using Spring boot 2 framework which accept JSON request and return JSON response to client. Learn Basic and advanced configurations, reducing development time by many-fold. 3 Redis Configurations. Here you will need the firewall I mentioned before. com"); void setHeader(String name, String value) – It sets the header value. We'll also get a bit of historical overview and see which new options the different versions introduced. GET /birds/noexception/{birdId} This call also gets information about a bird, except it doesn't throw an exception in case that the bird is not found. Angular 2 is one of the Most Popular Front End Web Framework on the internet, Spring MVC is also one of the Most Popular Application Framework on the internet, So today in this article, let’s combine/integrate these two frameworks and build a simple CRUD application. The controller method may render vs redirect, it may stay on the same page (after data binding errors) or redirect after success. OK 를 넣어 주고 그렇지 않을 경우 HttpStatus. You can vote up the examples you like and your votes will be used in our system to generate more good examples. This means that it returns the HTTP status code 302 and redirects the request to the location given as a method parameter. As far as HTTP is concerned, what client is downloading is just a bunch of bytes. This article shows you how to use them in the same app, and secure it all with Okta. 5 as asked in the original question. The string must match exactly an identifier used to declare an enum constant in this type. this is a REST controller (see annotation at top of class). 1, not sure about spring 3. You're trying to decode and invalid JSON String: ". It is part of Spring WebFlux module that was introduced in Spring 5. Specifies the new URL and whether execution of the current page should terminate. postForEntity(): Creates a news resource using HTTP POST method. Obviously one extra redirect is an extra cost one must pay for each download, so it's a trade-off. getForEntity(): Use HTTP GET method with the given URL variables and returns ResponseEntity. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Currently, he belongs to Base22; a family with a lot of awesome people! He loves Computer Sciences and consider himself passionate about research and its application to any aspect of life. The status codes of the HTTP response are one of. It overrides status information set by other means, like ResponseEntity or redirect. delete(): Deletes the resources at the given URL. Suppose we have a custom Response object:. NET Core web API. This article will illustrate how to implement Exception Handling with Spring for a REST API. So the ErrorJson instance is returned as the HTTP response body. The following are Jave code examples for showing how to use APPLICATION_FORM_URLENCODED_VALUE of the org. First class support is provided for "sensitive" headers ("cookie" and "authorization" by default) which are not passed downstream, and for "proxy" headers (x-forwarded-*). Join GitHub today. OK, I Understand. 【前提条件】 [環境] JDK 1. This means that it returns the HTTP status code 302 and redirects the request to the location given as a method parameter. 응답은 5개의 그룹으로 나누어집니다: 정보를 제공하는 응답, 성공적인 응답, 리다이렉트, 클라이언트 에러, 그리고 서버 에러. Note, this works in Spring 3. You can click to vote up the examples that are useful to you. You will also need a OneLogin account. This article shows you how to use them in the same app, and secure it all with Okta. Net Web API project Start by creating a new “Asp. That makes absolutely no sense. static ResponseEntity. In this article, we will see How to Upload and Download Files in Java with Spring Boot. In this tutorial, Let's explore how to do implement effective validation for a RESTful Service with Spring Boot. It asumes the ResponseEntity responseEntity object is already. Hello ! I'm using. springframework. io/info is a well-known URL to retrieve the versions mapping that Spring. addHeader("Site", "BeginnersBook. 37 Retry-After The Retry-After response-header field can be used with a 503 (Service Unavailable) response to indicate how long the service is expected to be unavailable to the requesting client. I added this to my web. registerCustomEditor(Date. Next, we need to define the user endpoints for authentication requests. Net Web API project Connect to Sql Server Database using Entity Data Model (. RedirectPermanent(String) Performs a permanent redirection from the requested URL to the specified URL. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Here we will be using Spring boot to avoid basic configurations and complete java config. class, new CustomDateEditor(new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"), true)); }. Returns: a new response builder. A user agent should not automatically redirect a request more than five times, since such redirections usually indicate an infinite loop. GET /birds/{birdId} Gets information about a bird and throws an exception if not found. Home > java - Redirect to an external URL from controller action in Spring MVC java - Redirect to an external URL from controller action in Spring MVC I have noticed the following code is redirecting the User to a URL inside the project,. In this screencast we will walk through how to call a RESTFul webservice in java with spring's RESTTemplate. You can click to vote up the examples that are useful to you. UriComponentsBuilderは、下記に引用するhttpヘッダーの値を参照します。 Class UriComponentsBuilder Create a new UriComponents object from the URI associated with the given HttpRequest while also overlaying with values from the headers "Forwarded" (RFC 7239, or "X-Forwarded-Host", "X-Forwarded-Port", and "X-Forwarded-Proto" if "Forwarded" is not found. Parameters: location - the redirection URI. After choosing an arbitrary name for the app, you are supposed to fill an  Redirect URI to complete the creation process. The following example demonstrates the use of RedirectAttributes. springframework. here is the gradle : compile 'com. Now over 1,200 organizations in nearly 60 countries rely on Stackify's tools to provide critical application performance and code insights so they can deploy better applications faster. Java Code Examples for org. The action required MAY be carried out by the user agent without interaction with the user if and only if the method used in the second request is GET or HEAD. HTTP status code is designed far before RESTful web service appears. NET Core web API. A class used to build Response instances that contain metadata instead of or in addition to an entity. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. THE unique Spring Security education if you’re working with Java today. Alex is an experienced technology professional. springframework. The temporaryRedirect(String location) method of the WireMock class issues a temporary redirect. You can control anything that goes into it: status code, headers, and body. Learn Basic and advanced configurations, reducing development time by many-fold. share | improve this answer answered Nov 21 '17 at 11:02. Spring MVC is the primary web framework built on the Servlet API. ContentType. Learn how to use JUnit to test your Java apps! This is an advanced guide that tells a story about upgrading tests and the super hip testing support in Spring Security and Spring Boot. ResponseBuilder extends java. empty() parameter. HttpServletRequest and mainly used for modifying the response which is being sent to the browser after processing the client's request. Handling Exceptions using HandlerExceptionResolver. I am hitting a controller in spring boot application and from there when i return to browser i want it to redirect to another website or url other than spring boot application templates. We are used to seeing 404 (Not Found) , 200 (OK) , and so forth. This is typically a result of the user agent (i. Please check out our tutorials on basics of URL redirection and URL redirect in Java Servlet. Either way, you end up with working code. To start with writing Junit test cases first we need to identify what are the different units of the app we are developing. 0 introduced HandlerExceptionResolver to handle thrown exceptions. The method GetForObject() will perform a GET, and return the HTTP response body converted into an object type of your choice. As can be seen the authorization code is received as a request parameter. 8+ and Apache Maven 3. My ResponseEntity status is 302, i want to follow this request to get the body response , because i didn't get the body for this request. Click Protocol for SQLEXPRESS under SQL Server Network Configuration on the left pane. The HDIV security setup is described in another post but the idea is that if there is a XSS or SQL injection attack it will redirect a to “/security-error”. net package can be used to send Java HTTP Request programmatically. Decoding magic behind spring boot oauth2 client. In Spring, a controller. ハンドラ・メソッドが"redirect:" という接頭辞付きのビュー名や RedirectView を返す場合、暗黙のモデルの代わりにRedirectAttributesが使用されます。 コマンド・オブジェクトもしくはフォーム・オブジェクト。. Creating an Asp. share | improve this answer answered Nov 21 '17 at 11:02. First class support is provided for "sensitive" headers ("cookie" and "authorization" by default) which are not passed downstream, and for "proxy" headers (x-forwarded-*). Handling Exceptions using HandlerExceptionResolver. Given that the RestTemplate class is designed to call REST services, It should come as no surprise that its main methods are closely tied to REST’s underpinnings, which are the HTTP protocol’s methods: HEAD, GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, and OPTIONS. It is similar to JdbcTemplate and JmsTemplate where these abstractions encapsulate lower level calls what can be performed with a library like apache http components. Spring Security OAuth2 samples with custom OAuth2 endpoint URLs. Basic stubbing. Either way, you end up with working code. If no ContentType is specified, the default is text/HTML. We are used to seeing 404 (Not Found) , 200 (OK) , and so forth. You may consider heuristics based on User-agent (redirect if browser, server directly if automated. While this approach works, it is like throwing a big net to catch all types of fish. First class support is provided for "sensitive" headers ("cookie" and "authorization" by default) which are not passed downstream, and for "proxy" headers (x-forwarded-*). The Browser re-submits the new 'Location' URL to the server. 如果我正确理解你在做什么,你只有两种可能:. In production, we should use a certificate issued by a trusted Certificate Authority (CA). The HDIV security setup is described in another post but the idea is that if there is a XSS or SQL injection attack it will redirect a to "/security-error". Java Code Examples for org. I expected a custom page. Handling request having String body. Hello ! I'm using. In production, we should use a certificate issued by a trusted Certificate Authority (CA). This article will illustrate how to implement Exception Handling with Spring for a REST API. Next post goes into details of it with a fully working example. Create a new resource by POSTing the given object to the URI template, and returns the response as ResponseEntity. Spring Cloud Security offers a set of primitives for building secure applications and services with minimum fuss. In this Spring Boot 2 REST API tutorial, we will create two simple GET and POST APIs step by step and test them. 同じプロジェクト内のページに飛ぶのに、redirect:を使う理由は思いつきません。 処理効率も悪いですし、面倒な手続きは増えますし。 でも、 フォワ ードは内部のページにしかとべませんが、リダイレクトは全く関係ない外部のページにもとべます。. For such cases it is preferable to use a ResponseEntity as a return type and avoid the use of @ResponseStatus altogether. RedirectAttributes Specify attributes to use in case of a redirect (that is, to be appended to the query string) and flash attributes to be stored temporarily until the request after redirect. Once the server is startup. We'll also get a bit of historical overview and see which new options the different versions introduced. The string must match exactly an identifier used to declare an enum constant in this type. In a regular HTTP response, the Content-Disposition response header is a header indicating if the content is expected to be displayed inline in the browser, that is, as a Web page or as part of a Web page, or as an attachment, that is downloaded and saved locally. RestTemplate doesnt handle such redirect automatically. THE unique Spring Security education if you’re working with Java today. Here you will need the firewall I mentioned before. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: