Types Of Verbs Worksheet Pdf

Discussion: reflexive verbs part one. In this combination quiz and worksheet, you will be asked how to describe linking verbs. Printable Alphabet Coloring Pages ks1 English worksheets free printable adding with regrouping in ones Reading Comprehension For Preschool. Types of Angles Worksheet : Worksheet given in this section is much useful to the students who would like to practice problems on types of angles. My friend Connie is proud of her cocker spaniel, which she herself found at an animal. A transitive verb always has a direct object - a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb. " Gerunds are used as the objects of certain verbs. May 23, 2011) I. A main or base verb indicates the type of action or condition, and auxiliary— or helping—verbs convey the other nuances that writers want to express. They are action verbs. Posted by Manjusha. Prepared by the Southeastern Writing Center. These action verbs worksheets are for students at the beginner, intermediate and advanced level. For example: Lee can eat a lot of pies. In this type of poem, the writer chooses words that relate to the subject of the poem. This page tells you the names of different kinds of verbs and; their relationship to each other. ACTION VERBS. verb—Does cause 13. Worksheet 1, 8 Exercises. 🙂 The quiz answers as well as their explanations are presented below. Types of Verbs Verbs Action Linking Helping 5. Types of Verbs. adjective—narrow 17. Verb Complements. The materials can be used as Open Educational Resources (OER) for exercises, for games and as Tasks (CC BY-SA 4. A fall themed printable worksheet for the student to record the books he reads during the semester. October 11, 2014 - pdf Answers. Once upon a time, there was(LV) a child who liked(AV) to pretend(*I) he could(HV) fly(AV). They are words that show action. Sometimes called copulas, linking verbs are often forms of the verb to be, but are sometimes verbs related to the five senses (look, sound, smell, feel, taste) and sometimes verbs that somehow reflect a state of being (appear, seem, become, grow, turn, prove, remain). A linking verb connects a subject and its complement. Linking Verbs (Advanced) Sensory words- like tastes, looks, smells, sounds, seems- can be action verbs or linking verbs, depending on their context. So what types of language features do persuasive texts use? • Present tense – a persuasive text is written ‘now’. G-22, Some G-48, Present Tense Verbs - Third Person, ---, Exercises, Answers. In this sense it is a non-action verb. copy of the worksheet (Worksheet 32A for lower-level classes, Worksheet 32B for higher-level classes). Two or more independent clauses can be joined by using. Modal Verb A modal verb is a type of auxiliary verb used to express ideas such as ability, possibility, permission, and obligation. Look at the worksheet and the description and decide which one to print. Mad Libs Worksheet The Monkey King! The day I saw the Monkey King _____(verb) was one of the most interesting days of the year. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Types Of Verbs. American Sign Language Syntax In this section: • Word Order • Sentence Types • Negation • Pronouns and Indexing • Nouns • Adjectives • Auxiliary Verbs • Prepositions • Conjunctions • Articles Syntax is the study of constructing sentences. d(sbx )jmm pg. de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE englisch-hilfen. Nouns, Verbs and Adjectives Kids learn about nouns, verbs and adjectives early on, but it takes practice to be able to recognize these parts of speech in sentences. Each of the individual worksheets includes target language from the relevant lesson plan in this book. There are flashcards, practice activities, and creative worksheets that can make studying verbs more enjoyable for you and your students. When the students have finished, the answers are checked with the class and the meanings of the phrasal verbs are reviewed. Exercise 4: Label all of the verbs in the following sentences. The five pdf worksheets below are about identifying Filipino verbs (mga pandiwa) and their tenses. The action verb tells what its subject does. If there is a direct object, underline it twice and write DO. This song is suitable for elementary school, middle school, and high school students. Verbs Worksheet for Grade 1. These worksheets are appropriate for first and second grade students. Learning and understanding collocations is really important for language learners. About This Quiz & Worksheet. The verb be The verb be has more forms than any other verb. 5 Types of English Verb + Verb Combinations Many students get confused when there are two consecutive verbs in a sentence – what form does the second verb take? This lesson will show you five types of verb + verb combinations with example sentences. copy of the worksheet (Worksheet 32A for lower-level classes, Worksheet 32B for higher-level classes). For example, can you say 'I am knowing him'? Of. Once students start to get a grasp of common collocations in a language they are on the road to fluency. Infinitives can be used as three different parts of speech: adverbs, adjectives, and nouns. This means that verbs with tense are finite, and verbs without tense are nonfinite. © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Baseball Mighty Jackie New Places, New Faces My Diary from Here to There Focus on China Time For Kids: Stealing Beauty Bright Ideas. None of the above 7. EXERCISE Underline the verbs in the sentences below. Then hand it out to your learners and have them fill in the words with their correct spelling. Write a paragraph describing the reaction of the crowd. Before look at the worksheet, if you know the different types of angles,. Unit Circle Practice Sheet Free Printable Sight Word Activities Reading Tests Printable Dita Worksheet. Take your child’s grammar and writing skills to the next level with our fifth grade grammar worksheets. Examples are: kindly, quickly, smartly, eagerly, pleasantly, soundly, merrily etc. Regular and Irregular Verbs Luckily for us, most verbs in English are regular verbs. Infinitives can be used as three different parts of speech: adverbs, adjectives, and nouns. The burglar disappeared with the cash. The object shows who or what completes the action expressed in the verb. something that describes a noun C. Finding Main Subjects and Verbs. We recommend using Grammarly. Be careful with the verb 'to have', which has many different uses and meanings. I at home now. On this page, you will find 2 fun activities ( Halloween Past and Present Tense Verbs and Christmas Wreath of Fortune Verbs ) that review verbs using engaging powerpoint presentations. These worksheets are appropriate for first and second grade students. After he did that, the king played chess on his brother's _____(noun) and then combed his _____ (adjective) hair with a comb made out of old fish bones. A transitive verb has a doer (subject) and a receiver (direct object) of the action. Types of Verbs. Spanish grammar. This is a traditional form of classifying sentences wherein, the sentences are classed depending on the number and types of finite clauses. verbs which have both action and non-action forms. PDF Acrobat Document File Be sure that you have an application to. It contains the most useful phrasal verbs you can use in real contexts. Definition of Strong Verbs for Grade 5, Examples of Strong Verbs for fifth Grade, Lesson on Strong Verbs for Class 5, List of Strong Verbs for 5th Class, Worksheet PDF On Strong Verbs, Practice Page on Strong Verbs, Read each sentence below. Jonah Coloring Activities Kids Worksheet Chapter Imperative Verbs Exercises Year English Worksheets Printable Elementary Textbook Outside For Pearson Book Free Fun Problem In Third Grade. Instructions are given at the top of the sheet, and children have to fill in the blank spaces using the correct verbs (with the correct spellings). Examples: 1. There are mainly three types of adverbs: Adverbs of manner Adverbs of place Adverbs of time. October 11, 2014 - pdf Answers. Students decide whether each noun is singular or plural, common or proper, and concrete or abstract. Verb Tense Worksheets By YourDictionary Instructors looking to assist students in understanding tenses will benefit from developing verb tense worksheets for use in the classroom. Later that same day, I saw the. Here you have a list of irregular verbs and their stems in the preterite. Start with the simple tenses and make sure students have a working understanding of how those tenses function within sentences. Posted by Manjusha. •Examples: Helping Verb + Main Verb = Verb Phrase Dogs can run. Click on picture to view a small preview of each activity. Note that most verbs can be used both transitively and intransitively. Identify the main subjects and verbs in sentences. " Gerunds are used as the objects of certain verbs. I hurt my leg when I fell. Identify the type and then write present perfect, past perfect, or future perfect on the lines provided. auxiliary verb. Verbals are not verbs, but are words derived from verbs, but which function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Part of a collection of free grammar and writing worksheets from K5 Learning; no login required. These types of verbs are introduced by the word 'there'. They modify verbs. This page has grammar exercises related to teaching verbs and verb tenses in English. An adjective is… A. 4: Activity Worksheets The following worksheets have been designed so that you can test your student's understanding of all the lesson plans in this book. Worksheets Verbs 2 Identify verbs by underlining and drawing pictures. Some verbs are called action verbs because they show action or movement, while other verbs are called linking verbs because they link the subject with another word in the sentence. Usually the helping verb is right next to the main verb, but sometimes they are separated. It is also called the verbal noun. Verb Worksheets. a change - become, grow, develop. Regular verbs actually include more than just being able to add -ed for the past tense, yet that is most of it. As many as four words can comprise a verb phrase. Online printable verb tenses exercises for ESL/EFL students and teachers: Several fill in the blanks exercises and multiple choice quizzes to help you learn and practice verb tenses or to print for classroom use. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms. Artists can train others to draw. ACTION VERBS. No sentence can be completed without a verb. Verb, verb, verb Noun Adverb showing how Verb Adverb showing where or when Haiku This type of poem does not rhyme or use figurative. Students change singular nouns to plural by adding "s" and rewrite sentences to match. The verb to be - exercise. Irregular verbs list PDF A basic list of the most common verbs used in everyday English. Packer Morphology 6 You love Mary = {love} + {PRES} = {love} + {Ø} However, modal verbs - can/could, shall. I helped him to leave. Sixth Grade (Grade 6) Verbs questions for your custom printable tests and worksheets. There are two types of verbs. This page tells you the names of different kinds of verbs and; their relationship to each other. Transitive Verbs. How do you know if it is a helping verb or a linking verb?. verb—Can capture. I at home now. Read more about auxiliary verbs. verb—plays 2. My friend Connie is proud of her cocker spaniel, which she herself found at an animal. We from Ukraine. Place the verb “to be” in front of the various verbs and create a couple examples of passive sentences. com is an online resource used every day by thousands of teachers, students and parents. Pete stretched and exercised for an hour. Click on Doc or PDF to download worksheets in preferred format. Action Verbs Action verbs are words that express action (give, eat, walk, etc. In the second part of this worksheet, students will write their own examples sentences using gerunds. Finite and non-finite verbs worksheet Download PDF Identify the finite and non-finite verbs in the following sentences and state whether they are infinitives, participles or gerunds. List of Action Verbs for Resumes & Professional Profiles 2 of 2 taught tested trained transmitted tutored Financial/ Data Skills administered adjusted allocated analyzed appraised assessed audited balanced calculated computed conserved corrected determined developed estimated forecasted managed marketed measured planned programmed projected. sich bewegen, e. There are three types of verbs: action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs. Download a complete list of stative verbs with lots of examples in PDF here; Try an exercise about stative verbs here; Some English verbs, which we call state, non-continuous or stative verbs, aren't used in continuous tenses (like the present continuous, or the future continuous. English Grammar Exercises Verb Tenses, fill in the blanks with appropriate Verb. The noun being referred to is called the antecedent. Please be respectful when you make a comment. Before look at the worksheet, if you know the different types of angles,. verb + adverb particle (often indicating direction, sometimes idiomatic) go away My girlfriend went away. Finite and non-finite verbs worksheet. Here are some examples of each type:. A linking verb links, or connects, the subject with a word or words in the predicate that describe or rename the subject. Word Form VS6. Here we are going to introduce the 3 main types of verbs: Action Verbs, Linking Verbs, and Helping Verbs. Get the entire Tongue Untied 10-week curriculum in an easy. Using this Classifying Nouns, Verbs, or Adjectives Worksheet, students sort objects into three categories based on what part of speech it is. Just download our free grammar worksheet to learn verbs. Most verbs are "normal verbs. Where tell is a reporting verb. Two or more independent clauses can be joined by using. —Passive Voice Also Read: Active Voice and Passive Voice Complete Exercises in PDF Active and passive voice, worksheets, rules, examples (PDF) Active and passive voice with tenses Simple Present Tense is,am,are+3rd verb Active Voice Passive Voice He lights the candle. Finite and non-finite verbs worksheet. All verbal tenses in English. com is an online resource used every day by thousands of teachers, students and parents. So let's put these concepts into practice with this transitive and intransitive verbs worksheet. Physical Action: The farmer feeds the chickens. Worksheets are used generally for the conjugation of the verb vereinbaren in teaching. John may love Mary. Verb Tenses - a free printable worksheet for 5th Grade Easier Verb Tense Worksheet Home to WorksheetsPlus. Practicing Homophones Identify and define homophones; use homophones in sentences Language Arts Lesson Pack » Confusing Words Lesson Packs are selections from popular EPS series, grouped together by skill. Singular subjects take singular verbs: The car stays in the garage. Below are a variety of exercises and worksheets designed to help improve student awareness of English language collocations. Some verbs are called action verbs because they show action or movement, while other verbs are called linking verbs because they link the subject with another word in the sentence. are placed in sealed envelopes and the envelopes are not opened until the night of the ceremony. transitive verb b. It has a simple form, an -ing participle form, a past participle form, a first person singular present tense form, a third person present tense (-s) form, a plural present tense form, a singular past tense form, and a plural past tense form:. Lesson Plan: Students will complete the Verbs Post Test to the best of their ability without assistance. adverb—fast 7. However, with these verbs, there is a change in the basic meaning of the sentence. She an English teacher. The baby cried for food. Some sentences can have more than one of both main subjects and main verbs. Noun Types Worksheet 2 - Here is another worksheet with a list of nouns. We can not build a sentence without a verb. In the above sentences, the verb 'eat' does not change even though the person and number of the subject change. These verbs, forms of to be, such as am, is, are, are usually complemented by adjectives. This means that verbs with tense are finite, and verbs without tense are nonfinite. Information and examples of modal verbs followed by a cloze exercise and sentence writing. The boxes are. ” The rule for singular and plural verbs is just the opposite of the rule for singular and plural. A Verbal is a "verb form" that can be used as an ADJECTIVE, a NOUN, or an ADVERB in a sentence. Most verbs are "normal verbs. Main Page Preterite Tense (all Verb Types). Find the Verb! Identify the Verb in the Sentence; Where is the Verb? Verb Phrases; Principal Parts of the Verbs; Past and Past Participle Form of the Verb. This guide to verbs that change meaning provides explanations of the most important of these verbs. This mean that a tense is not applied and it isn't wound to any form of a subject. boy/boys, pitcher/pitchers). Verb Moods Mood of the verb… Say it with ATTITUDE! Mood is the attitude a verb conveys in a sentence. Write the word noun next to each noun. Helping verbs are used to create verb phrases in order to focus or specify the duration or. Types of Verbs. Action Verbs. Those can be written in a number of different tenses. Sentences can contain several types of verbs and verb-like words; what we’re interested in is finding the main verbs, the words that drive the action of a sentence. Students write plural form of singular nouns by adding "s". Our verbs worksheets are free to download and easy to access in pdf format. auxiliary verb. These Verbs give meaning which is mostly unsuitable for outside evaluation as they are not so concrete actions. Verb worksheets include: Identifying verbs. A transitive verb always has a direct object – a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb. The boxes are. Age Range: 7 - 11. What were people doing,thinking,and feeling? Use main and helping verbs in your writing. A verb expresses action or a state of being and tells (in active voice) what the subject of the clause is or does. Types of Verbs. This is a free els lesson plan on Past Simple Tense and Action Verbs in English. In the sentence "It will rain tonight," for example, the verb will "helps" the verb rain by pointing to the future. Click on picture to view a small preview of each activity. is, be, are, means, need, act, stop • Action verbs – words that show what is happening E. B Look at the char s from exercise 2 and exercise A. The distinction between finite and nonfinite verbs is a very important one in grammar, since it affects how verbs behave in sentences. org are unblocked. Helping Verbs work with a main verb to help us understand more about the action taking place. Circle the nouns in the sentences. A proper noun always starts with a: capital letter 2. Comprehensive list of Bloom's Taxonomy verbs for use in ELA, math, science, and social studies. This grammar lesson you will learn the 12 Verb Tenses that are in the English language. Comes before simple tenses of all other verbs: They sometimes spend the whole of Saturday fishing. Verbs and Verbals A verb is a word that expresses action or state of being. Nouns, Verbs and Adjectives Kids learn about nouns, verbs and adjectives early on, but it takes practice to be able to recognize these parts of speech in sentences. Types of Verbs. Every English sentence must contain at least one verb. Nouns formed with prefixes Most of the prefixes used for forming adjectives and verbs are also used for forming nouns (see A Remedial Course in English Grammar: Adjectives (Adjectives formed with prefixes, Adjectives formed with suffixes), Verb formation. Mental Action: He likes the red rooster best. Part of a collection of free grammar and writing worksheets from K5 Learning; no login required. To enhance your kid's understanding of verbs, download Verb Worksheet for Class 1 here in pdf format. The Parts of Speech game allows students at all grade levels to practice identifying the part of speech of an underlined word in a sentence. The next part is a word such as across,after,away,back,down,in, into,off,on,out,over,or up. While all verbs can be conjugated, main verbs are the ones that actually do change when the entire sentence changes tense. It contains the most useful phrasal verbs you can use in real contexts. Intransitive verb - sank. They are just one component of Lesson. Infinitive phrases include as their basic element an infinitive verb, which is usually the verb with a to in front of it. Where ask is a reporting verb. Worksheet on what type of house one can live in: Text with verbs highlighted on who does what chore at home:. Helping verbs are used to create verb phrases in order to focus or specify the duration or. Verb conjugation summary booklet Booklet outlining how various verbs conjugative with examples. The boy saved the cat from the dogs. When they are part of longer sentences, they are referred to as independent (or main) clauses. Japanese Grammar Worksheets BASIC VERBS and 'MASU' TENSE. Practice your Spanish verb conjugations for the Preterite Tense (all verb types) with graded drill activities and fun multi-player games. , 'to look,' 'to feel') can be linking verbs too. Adverbs describe verbs and modify adjectives and other adverbs. PhrasalVerbs A phrasal verb is a special kind of verb that consists of two (or three) parts. A verb forms the predicate of a sentence. are some clues to help recognize the functions of nouns/pronouns: Subject (das Subjekt): nominative case (Nominativ) C The person or element that is performing the action of the verb is called the subject. 4: Activity Worksheets The following worksheets have been designed so that you can test your student's understanding of all the lesson plans in this book. This means that we can be confident with the forms they take because they follow a predictable pattern. The baby cried for food. Many of the examples here are from the depression case. auxiliary verb. CBSE Class 6 Grammar Worksheets and Exercises. Navigate to the page 3. Simple sentences always have a main subject and main verb. Overall verb conjunctions are much more complex in Spanish than English! I learned Spanish as a kid so I don’t have to think about it but also teach Spanish and have to tell you its one tough subject and none native speakers generally make mistakes in their speech in this area even after tons and tons of drill and practice. Simply stated, this is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. You may use them for free at home or in class. Grammar Basics Start here if you aren't sure about the basic elements of grammar: the different types of words and how they function, as well as the different ways in which you can put words together. is followed by a gerund. The rule that the subject and verb of a sentence must agree in number and in person. Types of Verbs Verbs Action Linking Helping 5. Williams) Nouns (Francis Casey) Nouns 2 (Francis Casey) Nouns and Adjectives Game (Gareth Pitchford) HTML; Types of nouns (Deb Cadman) PDF; Adjectives (Paul Cockcroft) HTML / PDF; Adjectives: Feelings (Gareth Pitchford) PDF; Adjectives (Ian Mason) Sheet 1 PDF, Sheet 2 PDF, Sheet 3 PDF, Sheet 4 PDF - Sheet. Last updated July, 2011. is holding the ball must give the past participle of the verb written on the board…eat---eaten) 6. Types of Verbs. Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Verb Types'. It cold today. Noun and its Types Countable and Uncountable Nouns Clause Types of Clauses Phrase Types of Phrases Phrase & Clause - Difference Verb - Formation & forms of Verbs Main Verb and Auxiliary Verb Transitive and Intransitive Verb Adjective Comparative and Superlative Adverb - Use & Formation Types of Adverb Pronoun Types of Pronoun Prepositional Verb Coordinating & Subordinating Conjunctions English. To make a singular noun possessive, add _’s_____ to the end of the word. Verbals are not verbs, but are words derived from verbs, but which function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Helping verbs are in italics. Primary Resources - free worksheets, lesson plans and teaching ideas for primary and elementary teachers. They had to ACCOUNT FOR all the. Complete Phrasal Verbs List Phrasal Verb Meaning Example Abide by Accept or follow a decision or rule. Prepositions of time (in, on, at) 1 Prepositions of time (in, on, at) 2 Using prepositions after adjectives 1 Using prepositions after adjectives 2 Using prepositions after adjectives 3 Prepositions with phrasal verbs 1 NEW! Prepositions with phrasal verbs 2 NEW! Prepositions with phrasal verbs 3 NEW! Mixed prepositions 1 Mixed prepositions 2. Grade 5 English - Verbs: Understand what a verb is, how they are used in different tense and the role played by different types of verbs Practice with 16 activites. Account for To explain. Esteban bought a new car. You may use them for free at home or in class. These grammar worksheets help kids learn to recognize and use nouns. We have got lots of exercises, worksheets and lessons for CBSE and NCERT class 6 students. LINKING VERB Your painting is beautiful! Some verbs may be either action verbs or linking verbs, depending on how they are used. The teacher asked the students to submit their assignments before they go home. verb—Should slice 6. Verbs, Verbs of Being, and Gerunds Worksheet | PDF Verbs, Verbs of Being, and Gerunds Worksheet | Preview Verbs, Verbs of Being, and Gerunds Worksheet | Answers. The tense of the passive sentence is shown in the verb be. pdf Verbs Worksheet. Common Irregular Verb Forms in Alphabetical Order BaseForm SimplePast Participle awake awoke awaken be was/were been beat beat beaten begin began begun bend bent bent bet bet bet bid bid bid bind bound bound bite bit bitten bleed bled bled blow blew blown breed bred bred break broke broken bring brought brought. The simple predicate is the verb or verb phrase that expresses the essential thought about the subject of the sentence. CLASS VII ENGLISH. Use this 'Worksheet: What Is a Verb? (primary/elem)' printable worksheet in the classroom or at home. —Passive Voice Also Read: Active Voice and Passive Voice Complete Exercises in PDF Active and passive voice, worksheets, rules, examples (PDF) Active and passive voice with tenses Simple Present Tense is,am,are+3rd verb Active Voice Passive Voice He lights the candle. Every English sentence must contain at least one verb. Verbs are probably the most important part of speech. is, be, are, means, need, act, stop • Action verbs – words that show what is happening E. G-22, Some G-48, Present Tense Verbs - Third Person, ---, Exercises, Answers. Subject-Verb agreement is simple, in principle, but it is not always easy to carry out in speaking and writing. Phrases can be very short or quite long. Common helping verbs:. Finite verbs also have different forms in different tenses. A verb is… A. verbs lesson plan irregular action tense regular list past tense language arts primary teaching and learning worksheet students elementary education curriculum kids theme unit resources activities Teach and learn verbs and language arts basics. They are just one component of Lesson. Noun Types Worksheet 2 - Here is another worksheet with a list of nouns. A proper noun always starts with a: capital letter 2. Reflexive Verbs: Part I. Use the simple trick to determine which verbs are action verbs and which ones are linking verbs. never • mostly when two actions in a. A collection of ESL, EFL downloadable, printable worksheets, practice exercises and activities to teach about action, verbs, action verbs. We went to camp at the top of the mountain at the old mining camp. verb—Should slice 6. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. Worksheet to practise conditional sentences of all types: zero, first, second and third. This is because many verbs can be linking OR transitive OR intransitive depending on the exact meaning and context. In a phrasal verb, this second part is called a particle. Sentence fragments are acceptable in some types of writing, for stylistic or emphatic purposes. Here’s another o:ue stem changing verb. Smoking is prohibited in the kitchen. Students will return to their Day 2 discussion paragraph and write a brief reflection. Non-finite verbs do not change their form when the number or person of. adjective—funny 9. Our verbs worksheets are free to download and easy to access in pdf format. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: